Stative and dynamic verbs
Stative verbs are called stative because they are not generally used in progressive forms and they refer to states- experiences or conditions- rather than to actions.
She loves/loved her baby more than anything in the world. (It is a state over which the subject, she in this case, has no control. These verbs cannot be used in progressive forms: *She is loving. ßThis is incorrect.)
Dynamic verbs usually refer to actions which are deliberate or voluntary (I’m making the cake.) or they refer to changing situations ( He’s growing old.)- some activities which have the beginning and the end. They are used in progressive as well as in simple forms.
Progressive forms Simple forms
I’m looking at you. I often look at you.
I’m weighing myself. I weigh 65 kilos.
I’m tasting the soup. The soup tastes salty.
I’m feeling the radiator. It feels hot.
Stative verbs usually occur in the simple form in all tenses. We can think of states in categories like:
-feelings: like, love etc.
-thinking, believing: think, understand etc.
-wants and preferences: prefer, want etc.
-perception and the senses: hear, see etc.
-being/ seeming/ having/ owning: appear, seem, belong, own etc.
- Verbs tenses
- Present Tenses
- Present Simple Tense
- Present Continous Tense
- Present Perfect Tense
- Present Perfect Continuous Tense
- Past Tenses
- Past Simple Tense
- Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense
- Past Perfect Tense
- Future Tenses
- The Simple Future Tense
- Future Continuous Tense
- Future Perfect Tense
- Future Perfect Continous Tense
- Stative and dynamic verbs
- Transitive and intransitive verbs
- Reflexive verbs
- Full verbs and auxiliary verbs
- Modal verbs
- Indirect speech